Pompeii the biggest testimony of the ancient Roman’s life.
The archaeological site of Pompeii is very extended, that’s why it offers a wide set up of itineraries to choose depending on the different interests: the daily life in a Roman city, the architecture, the painting, the city planning, the natural paths along the outside walls that offers a charming picture of the old city Extra Moenia.
Of course is also possible to organize shorter itineraries that still best represent the old city immage, throughout the visit of its most symbolic buildings.
Pompeii has old origin just as much as Rome. A migration of citizen from Valle del Sarno, descendant from the legendary Pelasgi, formed a primordial village at the foot of Mount Vesuvius. Perhaps not a really populated one, but most probably a little built up area located on the crossroad of three important ways, retraced in historic age from the streets coming from Cuma, Nola, Stabia and Nuvkrinum.
Obligated way between North and South, Pompeii became plunder for the powerful neighbor States. It was conquered for the first time by the colony of Cuma, between 525 and 474 b.C. Strabone says that Pompeii was connected to the twelve of the most important Etruscan cities under the Nuvkrinum’s control, information that became more truthful in the light of the recent digs. Close to the Apollo’s temple and to the Stabia’s Baths several fragments of “Bucchero”, some with “Nucerine” inscriptions in graphite, have been discovered. In the area of the Baths, is also come to light a VI century b.C necropolis.
The earliest evidence of an important center date back to the VI century b.C., even if in this period the city, still rather small, seems a messy natural aggregation of buildings. The battle’s lost of the Etruscan, in the waters in front of Cuma, against Cumani and Siracusani (half V century b.C.) brought Pompeii under the hegemony of the Sanniti.
The city joined the Nucerina’s league, a confederation that included Nuceria Alfaterna, Herculaneum, Stabia and Sorrento and it used the Nocerino’s alphabet which was based on the Greek and Etruscan one. The fortification of the entire upland, along with a circle of walls that contained more then sixty hectares, is probably to date back in this period, even if the real city doesn’t reach more then ten hectares of extension.
It was hostile to the Romans during the Sannitiche wars. Once beaten, it became an allied of Rome, as partner of Urbe, preserving a linguistic and institutional autonomy. The first regular urban structure of the city, goes back to the IV century which around three hundred b.C. was equipped with a new calcareous fortification. During the second Punic war of Sarno, Pompeii, still under the Nuceria Alfaterna’s control, remained loyal to Rome, on the contrary of Capua and many other cities, preserving so a partial independence.
How to get to Pompeii from Massa Lubrense
Circumvesuviana Sorrento-Napoli ( stop Pompeii- Villa dei Misteri)
Highway A3 Napoli-Salerno ( going out Pompeii west)
Porta Marina – Piazza Esedra – Piazza Anfiteatro
All the archaeological sites :
From 1st April to 31 October: 8:30-19:30 (Last entrance 18:00)
From 1st November to 31 March: 8:30-17:00 ( Last entrance 15:30)
Boscoreale: from 1st November to 31 March: 8:30-18:30 ( Last entrance 17:00)
Days off: 1st January, 1st May , 25 Decembe
Pompeii single(one day validity)
Entire € 11,00; Reduced € 5,50
Herculaneum single (one day validity)
Entire € 11,00; Reduced € 5,50
Three sites : Oplonti, Stabia*, Boscoreale ( one day validity)
Entire € 5,50; Reduced € 2,75
Five sites: Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplonti, Stabia*,Boscoreale ( three days validity)
Entire: € 20,00; Reduced € 10,00
#Sundayatthemuseum: free entrance on first Sunday of every months
* The visit to the Stabia’s Villas, is free.