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Paestum

Paestum

Paestum, the ancient Poseidonia. Between the history of Magna Grecia and long sandy beaches. A territory to be discovered.

Located south-east of the Gulf of Salerno, in the southern part of the Piana del Sele, Paestum is an extremely important archaeological site, recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, together with the Cilento and Vallo di Diano National Park.

Its particular geographical position allows it to dominate the plain of the temples of Paestum, offering an excellent panoramic view of the entire Gulf of Salerno.

Founded by the Greeks around 600 BC, it was initially called Poseidonia, from Poseidon, or Neptune, the god of the sea, to whom the city had been dedicated. Between 400 and 273 BC, it was occupied by the Italic population of the Lucanians. In 273 BC it became a Roman colony with the name of Paestum.

In addition to the cultural value, the importance of Paestum is linked to the excellent state of conservation of the assets, starting with the surrounding walls, built by the Greeks and then strengthened by the Lucanians and Romans.

What is most striking is the vision of three majestic temples inserted in a green plain, which reflect a different light according to the hours and seasons.

These large buildings are an extraordinary example of Doric style. The Temple of Hera, dating back to the 6th century. BC, is the oldest. The Temple of Neptune (5th century BC), looks like a grandiose travertine construction, with a warm golden color that varies in shades at different times of the day. It is a true jewel of Doric architecture: majestic and at the same time elegant. The Temple of Ceres (6th century BC), actually dedicated to the goddess Athena, in medieval times was transformed into a church and houses three Christian tombs, leaning against the external wall.

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