Paestum, ancient Poseidonia. Between the history of Magna Grecia and long sandy beaches. An area to discover.
It is located in the region of Campania, in the province of Salerno, as part of the municipality of Capaccio, about 30 kilometers south of Salerno (about 100 kilometers south of Naples). It is located in the Piana del Sele, near the coast, in the Gulf of Salerno, towards the Cilento.
It is reached via the A3 motorway, exit at Battipaglia, the national SS 18 (up to Capaccio Scalo), the S.S. 166 of the Alburnums (junction of Petrale) and, finally, the SP 13. The nearest railway station is that of Paestum, on the Rome-Reggio Calabria. Its unique geographical position allows her to dominate the plain of temples at Paestum, offering an excellent view of the entire Gulf of Salerno.
Founded by the Greeks around 600 BC, originally called Poseidon, Poseidon, or Neptune, god of the sea, whom the city was dedicated to. Between 400 and 273 forward was occupied by an Italic population of Lucania. In 273 it became a Roman colony under the name of Paestum.
They are to visit the entire archaeological area starting from the Sanctuary of Hera at the mouth of the Sele, built in the sixth century BC , one of the most famous of Magna Grecia that sits on a large alluvial plain of sand, silt and earth at 1,500 meters from the mouth of river and just 9 kilometers from Paestum , the Basilica , the largest and oldest of the three temples dating back to 550 BC built according to the archaic Doric style , the Temple of Ceres or of Athens, located in the highest point of the city , at the extreme northern limit of the southern part of Paestum divided from the Basilica and Temple of Neptune , the walls of Paestum develops, for its entire length that approximates about five kilometers ( 4750 meters), with an average thickness of five meters and a maximum of seven , taking the geometric shape of a pentagon or angled trapezium with the tip of the shorter side facing the coast , the Amphitheatre , typical Roman construction , which began as a building to house the fights between gladiators , the Forum, surrounded by arcades of the Doric order , one of the oldest rectangular holes of the Roman era , you follow it reaches the Via Sacra ( long 12 km, from the Greek city of Poseidonia joined at the ancient temple of Hera) who are interested in the sacred area of the Goddess Athena ,
the Diver Tomb , is a grave quite exceptional given that the decorations are all tailored to the deceased by the approach of Lucania mainly due to the Greeks in the government of the city to the fourth century BC, which in addition to changing the political structures of territory , also brought changes in aesthetic tastes , the Forum who are interested in the sacred area of the Goddess Athena do not miss the Madonna del Granato built around the twelfth century is still a destination for many pilgrims coming not only from Cilento , but also by many of the capitals Campania is for devotion to its superb location on the Gulf of Salerno, from where you can admire a divine , the Church of St. Peter the Apostle , once called the Church of the Confraternity of the Rosary, dating from around 1550 , a time when the local history does not record significant events .
As for the food do not miss the mozzarella di bufala , one of the first products typically Italian in the acquisition by the European Commission registration PDO ( Protected Designation of Origin ) at the end of May 1996 , produced as far back as 500, the Artichoke round of Paestum , the inevitable extra virgin olive oil from Cilento, Cilento figs as well as cool , freshly picked from the tree, they can be eaten dry (by natural drying or hot air in the same geographical area of collection in a ‘ harmonious synergy with the natural landscape ) , trimmed , seasoned with additions of laurel , walnuts, almonds and chocolate.
If you depart from Paestum you can make an excursion into the territory of the National Park of Cilento, second largest park in Italy in size , which stretches from the Tyrrhenian coast to the foot of the Campania – Basilicata , including the tops of the Alburnums , the Cervati and Gelbison , and the coastal buttresses of Mount Bulgheria and M. Stella. The extraordinary wildlife, due to the considerable heterogeneity of the territory, alongside the mythical and mysterious character of a land rich in history and culture : the call of the nymph Leucosia to the beaches where Palinuro left Aeneas, from the remains of the Greek colony of Elea and Paestum at the Certosa di Padula.
The park stretches from the Tyrrhenian coast to the foot of the Campania – Basilicata , including the tops of the Alburnums , Cervati and Gelbison , and the coastal buttresses of Mount Bulgheria and M. Stella , showing more than any other strong peculiarities, arising from the extreme breadth and diversity of the area covered by it . Therefore just as strongly characterized by heterogeneity also the ecological characteristics of the area, with the presence of environments virtually unaffected alternating with areas of heavily modified urban centers and densely populated valleys . Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, the combined result of the work of Nature and Man , falls into the category of evolutionary landscapes ( Assets Mixed) , being the result of historical events , social, economic , artistic and spiritual , and reaching its “form” in the present association and response to its natural environment .
[box type=”info”] Archaeological Museum of Paestum Via Magna Grecia – Paestum – Phone +39 0828 811 023 Opening hours 08:30 to 18:45 The museum is closed for maintenance work on the 1st and 3rd Monday of every month Admission (Museum + Paestum ruins + + View “Rosantico”): € 10.00 Unique (Museum + Paestum ruins + + View “Rosantico” + ruins Velia): € 11.00 Valid 3 days EU citizens: Free for pax inf. 18 and sup. 65 years, 50% discount per pax from 18 to 25 years http://www.museopaestum.beniculturali.it/[/box]